My Little Pony Friendship is Magic Wiki

This article details the family and relatives of characters in My Little Pony Friendship is Magic. For other relationships explored in the series, see relationships.



Main article: Apple family
See also: Apple Bloom, Big McIntosh, Granny Smith, and Bright Mac and Pear Butter

Mr. and Mrs. Cake[]

Carrot Cake and Cup Cake are husband and wife, respectively.


Pound Cake and Pumpkin Cake[]

Baby Cakes wondering what Pinkie is doing S2E13

Pound Cake and Pumpkin Cake.

Pound Cake and Pumpkin Cake are introduced in the episode Baby Cakes. The main six are shocked to learn that Pound Cake is a Pegasus while Pumpkin Cake is a unicorn, though Mr. Cake explains it away as due to distant familial relations in both his and Mrs. Cake's lineages. The twins appear in multiple subsequent episodes and other media.


In Baby Cakes, Mr. Cake mentions his great-great-great-great grandfather, a unicorn, and Mrs. Cake's great aunt's second cousin twice removed, a Pegasus.

Princess Celestia and Princess Luna[]

Leon is introduced in the French My Little Pony magazine

Léon and Vladímir.

Sparkling Sea King Leo on throne

King Leo on his throne.

Four of the mentioned members of the royal family are Princess Celestia, Princess Luna, Prince Blueblood and Princess Cadance. Multiple episodes state that Luna is Celestia's younger sister; The Ticket Master states that Blueblood is Celestia's nephew, though his trading card lists his family link to Luna and Celestia as being "far removed"; various promotional materials state that Cadance is Celestia's niece, and the chapter book My Little Pony: Twilight Sparkle and the Crystal Heart Spell specifies that Celestia adopted her as a niece.

On My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Issue #5 page 16, after Luna says that something she had hoped would never come to pass is happening, Pinkie Pie attempts to guess what it is, with one guess being "Realize your mom was right about everything?!"; Luna responds to each guess with "No." The picture book My Little Pony: Under the Sparkling Sea shows a sea lion called King Leo, who rules the underwater city of Aquastria and its seaponies and mermares; the book's dust jacket states that King Leo "sits on the Cosmic Council alongside his cousin, Princess Celestia."[1] One of the illustrated stories in the official My Little Pony magazine in France shows Celestia having a four-year-old cousin called Léon, an Alicorn who shares Blueblood's color scheme and cutie mark and Rainbow Dash's base character model. The magazine story's narrative does not fit into the animated series.

​[​citation needed​]​

Lauren Faust, the show's creator, stated that Celestia does not have parents that outrank her,[2] that Luna and Celestia have no siblings and no children, and that Blueblood is "the great great great great great great great great great great great (and probably even more greats) nephew on Celestia's and Luna's mother's side, about 52 times removed, roughly speaking."[3] Early drafts of My Little Pony The Movie were going to introduce Cosmos, a brother for Celestia and Luna, but the character was eventually reworked into Tempest Shadow.

Cloud Chaser[]

In Enterplay's collectible card game, Cloud Chaser mentions her parents in her quote on her Enterplay collectible card game card's Gen Con Indy 2013 demo version[4] and α #11 R version.


Fluttershy refers to the cockatrice's mother in Stare Master.

Coriander Cumin and Saffron Masala[]

Coriander "you used to hide the ingredients" S6E12

Coriander Cumin and Saffron Masala are a father and daughter who are featured in Spice Up Your Life as owners of a Canterlot restaurant called The Tasty Treat.


In Dragon Quest, one of the teenage dragons says that he thinks the dragon-costumed pony trio is Crackle's cousin.

Daring Do[]

Daring Do and the Eternal Flower features Daring Do's uncle Gallant True.

Diamond Tiara[]

Main article: Rich family
See also: Filthy Rich and Spoiled Rich


In April 2013, The Hub jokingly referred to Discord and the Predaking from Transformers Prime: Beast Hunters as "long-lost twins?" on Twitter[5] and Facebook.[6]

In My Little Pony: Friends Forever Issue #20, Discord mentions his unnamed mother in his sleep. My Little Pony: Nightmare Knights Issue #1 introduces Princess Eris, an alternate universe's version of Discord who refers to him as her cousin.

DJ Pon-3[]

Comic issue 11 33⅓-LP

In Shining Armor's flashback in the IDW comics' My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Issue #11 story neigh anything..., DJ Pon-3 appears as a filly atop the unicorn stallion 33⅓-LP, who is modeled after her. In response to speculation of 33⅓-LP being a parent of DJ Pon-3's, artist Andy Price has stated "I think more big brother, considering the high school setting"[7] and "considering the high school setting, more of a big brother, I would think,"[8] and colorist Heather Breckel has referred to 33⅓-LP as not being DJ Pon-3's father.[9]


Ember and her father, former Dragon Lord Torch, are first featured in Gauntlet of Fire.

Emerald Green[]

In Enterplay's collectible card game, α #12 C, a card of Emerald Green, gives him the description "Emerald is sometimes confused for his winged cousin in Cloudsdale. He doesn't really seem to mind."[10]

Flash Magnus[]

In the Legends of Magic Annual 2018 comic, Flash Magnus mentions having a niece.

Flim and Flam[]

The Flim Flam brothers S2E15

Flim and Flam

Flim and Flam are twins, with the only differences between them being their voices, their cutie marks, their hairstyles, and Flam having a mustache. They make their first appearance in The Super Speedy Cider Squeezy 6000, with the intention of driving the Apple Family out of business. They appear again in later episodes.


Zephyr puts his hooves around his parents S6E11

Fluttershy's brother and parents.

Fluttershy's parents Mr. and Mrs. Shy and brother Zephyr Breeze first appear in the season six episode Flutter Brutter. Mr. and Mrs. Shy are shown to be as soft-spoken and timid as their daughter, but Zephyr Breeze is loud, narcissistic, and lazy. He often freeloads off of his parents, who reluctantly allow this behavior, but this is revealed to be out of a crippling fear of failure.

On page 7 of the My Little Pony: Equestria Girls Holiday Special comic, Rainbow Dash says to Fluttershy, "You know, I don't think I've ever met your family."


In Shining Armor's flashback in the IDW comics' My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Issue #11 story neigh anything..., Poindexter says "My mom is going to get really mad if I get grass stains on her new turtleneck..."


In Fluttershy's flashback in The Cutie Mark Chronicles, colt Hoops taunts filly Fluttershy by saying that his baby brother can fly better than her.

Mage Meadowbrook[]

In A Health of Information, Twilight and Fluttershy meet Mage Meadowbrook's descendant Cattail. Meadowbrook's mother also appears in flashback. In My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Issue #58, Cattail mentions Mage Meadowbrook as having a sister, from whom he inherited her possessions due to Meadowbrook not having children of her own.


In Campfire Tales, a unicorn couple are seen bidding Mistmane farewell as she leaves her home village. Gameloft's mobile game identifies the two as Mistmane's Father and Mistmane's Mother.


In Family Trees Pt. 2, it is discovered that Misty is the daughter of Alphabittle.

Moon Dancer[]

Moon Dancer has a sister in Amending Fences and also mentions an unnamed father who worked for the Canterlot Historical Society in Princess Twilight Sparkle and the Forgotten Books of Autumn.

Mr. Stripes and Plaid Stripes[]

Mr. Stripes and Plaid Stripes are a father and daughter who are featured in The Saddle Row Review.

Night Glider[]

In the Defenders of Equestria expansion set of Enterplay's collectible card game, card #8 C mentions Night Glider's mother.

Queen Novo[]

In My Little Pony The Movie, Queen Novo and her daughter Princess Skystar are featured. In School Daze - Part 1, Silverstream is introduced as Queen Novo's sororal[11] niece, while in School Daze - Part 2, her brother-in-law Sky Beak first appears, although he is not referred to by name and has no dialogue. In Surf and/or Turf, Novo's sister Ocean Flow and sororal nephew Terramar are first introduced, while Sky Beak is formally introduced. Terramar also mentions several cousins, but their relationship to Novo, if any, is not established.


In The Hearth's Warming Club, four of Ocellus' family members are featured in her story. Her family appears again in Uprooted and A Horse Shoe-In. In Gameloft's mobile game, they are identified as her father, mother, younger brother, and younger sister.

Pinkie Pie[]

Main article: Pie family
See also: Igneous Rock Pie and Cloudy Quartz, Limestone Pie and Marble Pie, and Maud Pie

Princess Platinum[]

In the episode Hearth's Warming Eve and in The Journal of the Two Sisters, Princess Platinum is stated to be the daughter of the unicorn King Bullion.

Rainbow Dash[]

Rainbow Dash with Rainbow Blaze S3E12

In Games Ponies Play, during her flashback as a filly, Rainbow Dash is shown standing on the back of Rainbow Blaze, an adult Pegasus stallion with a similarly rainbow-colored mane and tail. Her relationship to Rainbow Blaze is not explicitly referred to. Next to Rainbow Blaze is Rainbowshine, an adult Pegasus mare with exactly the same eye color as Rainbow Dash but no similar coat or mane colors. In the Enterplay collectible card game's expansion set Canterlot Nights, #17 C, a card of Rainbow Blaze, lists the quote "Of course Rainbow Dash is a good flier. I taught her everything she knows!"

When asked of the possibility of exploring Rainbow's family, Jim Miller replied "as long as the show stays on the air, anything is possible!"[12]


Bow and Windy excited to see Rainbow Dash S7E7

Bow Hothoof and Windy Whistles.

To promote The Cutie Mark Chronicles, The Hub's website gave users three potential stories for how Rainbow Dash got her cutie mark. Rainbow Dash's parents are mentioned in one of the alternate stories as "loving, supportive parents" who tried to help Rainbow Dash find her mark.[13][14]

Rainbow Dash's father Bow Hothoof and mother Windy Whistles are formally introduced in the season seven episode Parental Glideance. They are portrayed as overenthusiastic and very supportive of their daughter, constantly celebrating her accomplishments no matter how minor. Because of their fanatical and embarrassing way of showing support, Rainbow initially doesn't tell them she's a member of the Wonderbolts.


When asked about whether or not Rainbow Dash has any siblings, Miller responded that "maybe you'll find out someday!"[15]


Sweetie Belle[]

Sweetie Belle sitting ID S1E18

Rarity's little sister, Sweetie Belle.

Sweetie Belle is introduced as Rarity's little sister in Stare Master. In both Stare Master and in Sisterhooves Social, Rarity gets frustrated with Sweetie Belle's attempts to help her.

Hondo Flanks and Cookie Crumbles[]

Rarity and Sweetie Belle's parents S2E5

Hondo Flanks and Cookie Crumbles.

Rarity and Sweetie Belle's mother and father are introduced in Sisterhooves Social, but their names are not mentioned in the show. Rarity's mother is visibly a unicorn, while Rarity's father often wears a hat that obscures his horn. They sport Upper Midwest American/Canadian accents and a questionable fashion sense. The mother has the same body design as Mrs. Cake. Rarity's mother strongly resembles the G3 unicorn Garden Wishes. Her looks are also similar to a G1 unicorn named Buttons and a toy named Ribbon Wishes, but has a different eye color than the latter. Rarity's father is enthusiastic enough about Sweetie Belle's burnt cooking that he asks for Rarity's untouched plate. He later makes a background appearance in One Bad Apple, sitting on a jetty and fishing, with burnt food and a glass of burnt drink next to him. Both parents appear in Inspiration Manifestation with the father's horn and the mother's cutie mark both shown for the first time in the series. Rarity's father's cutie mark is a set of three American footballs and he is voiced by Peter New; their mother is voiced by Tabitha St. Germain who also voices Rarity.[16] Lauren Faust, the show's creator, was interviewed by M. A. Larson in a panel in Equestria LA 2015, where she said Rarity's parents were made "on the fly" without prior planning. Rarity's mother's cutie mark is obscured by her pants in Sisterhooves Social, but is shown to be three cookies, two of them whole and one with a bite taken out of it, in Inspiration Manifestation and on page 145 of Little Brown's My Little Pony Friendship is Magic official guidebook My Little Pony: The Elements of Harmony.[17] On the same guidebook page, Rarity's father is shown wearing different clothing, revealing his horn.[18] In the Enterplay collectible card game's expansion set Canterlot Nights, #45 C and #68 C, cards respectively of the father and of the mother, give them the respective names Hondo Flanks and Cookie Crumbles, each with a trademark symbol. Both parents also appear on page 16 of the IDW comics' My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Issue #9. Rarity's parents are available as playable characters in Gameloft's mobile game. The game gives her father the name Magnum[19] and her mother the name Betty Bouffant.


In The Hearth's Warming Club, Sandbar's parents and younger sister appear in his flashback to a previous year's Hearth's Warming. His family briefly appears again in The Ending of the End - Part 2.


Sander is Butter's son who and Diggy adopted Ferris.[20][21][22]​[​specify​]​


See also: Snap Shutter and Mane Allgood
See also: Aunt Holiday and Auntie Lofty

In the chapter book Ponyville Mysteries: Riddle of the Rusty Horseshoe, it is revealed that Scootaloo lives with her Aunt Holiday and Auntie Lofty and that her parents are away "most of the time". In The Last Crusade, Scootaloo's parents Snap Shutter and Mane Allgood appear for the first time. It is revealed in Riddle of the Rusty Horseshoe and reiterated in The Last Crusade that Holiday is Snap Shutter's older sister. Holiday and Lofty are confirmed to be a lesbian couple by writer Michael Vogel.[23]

On the topic of Scootaloo's family, Faust "did not have specific plans for what her family deal was"[24] and confirmed at Equestria LA 2015 that she does have parents, but the topic of it was never brought up.[25] Faust later clarified over Twitter that, according to her vision for the show, Scootaloo indeed has parents, but they both have demanding jobs and that Scootaloo is good at evading her babysitter.[26]

Silver Spoon[]

Babs Seed refers to Silver Spoon and Diamond Tiara's mothers in One Bad Apple.

Sky Stinger[]

Sky Stinger's mother, father, and four sisters appear in a flashback in Top Bolt.


In Molt Down, Smolder mentions having a brother who was kicked out of the house when he went through the molt. In Sweet and Smoky, Garble is revealed to be her older brother.

In My Little Pony: Feats of Friendship Issue #3, Smolder notes that the hydra illusion she and her friends face reminds her of an uncle.


After the Foal Free Press prints a Gabby Gums column about Snips and Snails in Ponyville Confidential, Snips mentions that his and Snails' mothers always told them they'd end up in the papers someday.


After the Foal Free Press prints a Gabby Gums column about Snips and Snails in Ponyville Confidential, Snips mentions that his and Snails' mothers always told them they'd end up in the papers someday.

Mr. Kingpin—mentioned in The Cutie Pox and quoted on Enterplay collectible card game Canterlot Nights #47 R Pinny Lane, Bowl'em Over—is introduced as Snips' grandfather in My Little Pony: Ponyville Mysteries Issue #2.


Spitfire's mother Stormy Flare appears in Rarity Investigates! to watch her daughter perform.

Starlight Glimmer[]

Starlight Glimmer's parents were discussed in separate Twitter conversations with Jim Miller from late May 2016[27] through[28] early August 2017[29][30][31][32] and with Josh Haber on October 23, 2017;[33][34] they are introduced in season eight,[35] though only her father Firelight—introduced in the episode The Parent Map—is identified as such.


The season seven finale Shadow Play and the IDW comics story arc From the Shadows respectively feature Stygian and his descendant Shadow Lock.

Sugar Belle[]

In The Break Up Break Down, Sugar Belle mentions that her cousin looks after her bakery while she apprentices under Mrs. Cake in Ponyville. In The Big Mac Question, she marries Big McIntosh, making her a part of the Apple family. She and Big Mac later have a son in the future in The Last Problem.


Main article: Sunburst's family

Sunburst's mother and father appear in flashback in The Cutie Re-Mark - Part 2 and The Crystalling - Part 1, and his mother Stellar Flare appears in the present time in The Parent Map and The Ending of the End - Part 2.

Sunny Starscout[]

My Little Pony: A New Generation features Sunny Starscout and her father Argyle Starshine.

Written in the Starscouts introduces Sunny's mother.


Thorax's brother Pharynx is first mentioned in Triple Threat and physically debuts in To Change a Changeling.

Chief Thunderhooves[]

In Over a Barrel, Chief Thunderhooves mentions his father, grandfather, great-grandfather, great-great-grandfather, and great-great-great-grandfather. In the Gameloft mobile game, Little Strongheart's description identifies her as Thunderhooves' daughter, which is confirmed by Thunderhooves' description.



Happy Thunderlane S02E22

The dark gray Pegasus, Thunderlane, and his brother Rumble, the little light gray Pegasus

Both Thunderlane and his brother Rumble are introduced in Hurricane Fluttershy, when both are seen standing together during tornado duty training. During the final event, Thunderlane doesn't show up and Rainbow Dash asks Rumble, "Where's your lazy brother?" Rumble tells Twilight and Rainbow Dash that Thunderlane has fallen sick with the Feather Flu.

Rumble appears next to Thunderlane at the beginning of Inspiration Manifestation. The brothers are also featured in the episode Marks and Recreation.

Lord Tirek[]

Lord Tirek and his brother Scorpan once planned to steal the magic from Equestria. Scorpan betrayed Tirek after learning of friendship and befriending Star Swirl the Bearded, and Tirek was imprisoned in Tartarus for his crimes. Tirek later refers to his brother as "weak minded" and "worthless". Tirek and Scorpan's centaur father King Vorak is the ruler of an unnamed land in My Little Pony: FIENDship is Magic Issue #2. He is suspicious of Tirek's lust for power, so he restricts the time he spends outside the castle. Queen Haydon is Tirek and Scorpan's gargoyle mother and the wife of King Vorak. In Frenemies, Tirek's grandmother "Gram-Gram" is mentioned.


Main article: Trixie's family
Jack Pot "we'd like to invite" S8E5

Trixie's father Jack Pot.

Trixie's mother, alternatively named 'Spectacle' or 'Showcase' by IDW comics writer Ted Anderson,[36] appears on My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Issue #40 page 4 accompanying Trixie to her first day at Celestia's School for Gifted Unicorns.

Trixie's father Jack Pot appears as a Las Pegasus stage magician in the season eight episode Grannies Gone Wild and the season nine episode Between Dark and Dawn. He is identified as Trixie's father on page 169 of the reference book The Ultimate Guide: All the Fun, Facts and Magic of My Little Pony.

An unnamed ancestor of Trixie's appears in My Little Pony: FIENDship is Magic Issue #3.

Twilight Sparkle[]

Main article: Sparkle family
See also: Twilight Velvet and Night Light, Shining Armor, Princess Cadance, and Flurry Heart


The original version of Smile Song in A Friend in Deed was to have introduced Twist's mother, who would have been named Shimmy Shake. Writer Amy Keating Rogers "thought that since The Twist is a dance, it would be cute if Twist's mom had a dance name too!"[37] The scene was ultimately cut from the final version. A character named Shimmy Shake appears in the season nine episode 2, 4, 6, Greaaat, though her relation to Twist (if any) is unclear.

Vapor Trail[]

Vapor Trail's mother and father appear in a flashback in Top Bolt.


In The Hearth's Warming Club, Yona's grandparents, parents, brother, and sister appear as she recounts their celebration of the yak holiday of Snilldar Fest. Her family appears again in Uprooted and A Horse Shoe-In.


A note from Zecora's mother appears in a flashback on My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Issue #91 page 1.

Zipp Storm[]

The Generation 5 film My Little Pony: A New Generation features Zipp Storm, her younger sister Pipp Petals, and their mother Queen Haven. The beginning of Written in the Starscouts features Zipp looking through a book of her ancestors, the former queens of Zephyr Heights.


Zipporwhill and her father Nightjar appear in the episode Filli Vanilli.


  1. My Little Pony: Under the Sparkling Sea. Retrieved on 2012 November 30.
  2. Lauren Faust discussing Princess Celestia's title (2010-12-21). Retrieved on 2012 October 28.
  3. Lauren Faust discussing Prince Bluebood's genealogy (2011-03-30). Retrieved on 2012 October 28.
  4. fbbr.jpg. Retrieved on 2013 August 20.
  5. HubTVNetwork: Discord and the Predaking: .... Twitter (2013-04-11). Retrieved on 2013 April 11.
  6. Timeline Photos. Facebook (2013-04-11). Retrieved on 2013 April 11.
  7. Andy Price (2013-09-25). AndyPriceArt: @kefkafloyd I think more big .... Twitter. Retrieved on 2013 September 26.
  8. Andy Price (2013-09-26). AndyPriceArt: @Xintetsu2012 @katiecandraw .... Twitter. Retrieved on 2013 September 26.
  9. Heather Breckel (2013-09-25). angienessyo: @kefkafloyd @andypriceart haha .... Twitter. Retrieved on 2013 September 26.
  10. My Little Pony Prerelease Part 2 and Rainbow Dash Theme Deck (2013-12-09). Retrieved on 2013 December 11.
  11. Nicole Dubuc on Twitter: "Silverstream is Queen Novo's sister's daughter." (2018-03-25). Retrieved on 2018 March 28.
  12. Jim Miller (2015-04-27). @MLPRainbow20 As long as.... Twitter. Retrieved on 2015 April 27.
  13. "The Cutie Cliffhanger... the Quest for the Cutie Mark" (2011-04-06).
  14. Video of the Promotion, hosted on Facebook (2011-04-12).
  15. Jim Miller (2015-03-30). @PinkoMarxPie Maybe you'll find out someday!. Twitter. Retrieved on 2015 March 30.
  16. Email mentioning Rarity's parents' voice actors. Retrieved on 2012 March 29.
  17. "The Elements of Harmony" book (2013-05-28). Retrieved on 2013 May 28.
  18. 137038944607.jpg. Retrieved on 2012 June 5.
  19. My Little Pony - Friendship is Magic - Universal - HD Gameplay Trailer (2012-11-07). Retrieved on 2012 November 8.
  20. Karmyn Chretien (2023-11-23). THAT'S MY BOYS!!!! AND THEIR SON!!! (And my shot 😊😊😊). Twitter. X. Retrieved on 2023 November 25.
  21. Karmyn Chretien (2023-11-23). It's their adoptive unicorn son! I can't remember his name at the moment (I'll go look) He was in the Cutie Blossom Bash episode. II know they're like super duper tertiary characters, but you can see them next to each other in 90% of the shots they're in.. Twitter. X. Retrieved on 2023 November 25.
  22. Karmyn Chretien (2023-11-24). Their names are Diggy and Sander and their adoptive unicorn son is Ferris!. Twitter. X. Retrieved on 2023 November 25.
  23. Mike Vogel (2017-10-11). When I say "cute couple" I'm saying that Aunt Holiday and Auntie Lofty are a cute couple. Yes. Twitter. Retrieved on 2017 October 12.
  24. Lauren Faust (2013-06-08). No.2519820. /arch/. Ponychan. Retrieved on 2016 April 9.
  25. ABagOfVicodin (2015-09-06). EQLA Lauren Faust Panel Coverage!. Retrieved on 2015 September 6.
  26. Calpain (2016-03-28). Scootaloo Not Really An Orphan?. Equestria Daily. Retrieved on 2016 March 31.
  27. Jim Miller (2016-05-22). Big Jim on Twitter: "She had parents in the scripted flashbacks in 526 and 601. No idea if they're still alive, though...… ". Twitter. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  28. Jim Miller (2016-10-03). Big Jim on Twitter: "Unknown at this point.… ". Twitter. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  29. Jim Miller (2017-08-07). Big Jim on Twitter: "Nope.… ". Twitter. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  30. Jim Miller (2017-08-07). Big Jim on Twitter: "They weren't in the script at all, from what I remember.… ". Twitter. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  31. Jim Miller (2017-08-07). Big Jim on Twitter: "Maybe they were. You're asking about scripts from 2.5 - 3 years ago for me. I might have made a mistake. And I don't have the script...…". Twitter. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  32. Jim Miller (2017-08-07). Big Jim on Twitter: "...handy to double check. Sorry.… ". Twitter. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  33. Josh Haber (2017-10-23). Josh Haber on Twitter: "Never. Starlight was a latch-key-kid!… ". Twitter. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  34. Josh Haber (2017-10-23). Josh Haber on Twitter: "Never said orphan.… ". Twitter. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  35. Jared Albert (2018-02-08). the school of friendship is officially open! season eight of my little pony: friendship is magic premieres saturday, march 24 on discovery family. Discovery Press Web. Discovery Communications. Archived from the original on 2018-02-07. Retrieved on 2018 February 8.
  36. Ted Anderson (2016-03-17). Ted Anderson on Twitter: "@nhSnork Ooh, good question. Maybe something with "Spectacle" or "Showcase." Connects to the "tricks" idea of her daughter's name.". Twitter. Retrieved on 2016 March 17.
  37. Smile Song Lyrics by Amy Keating Rogers (2012-07-05). Retrieved on 2012 July 6.