The Friendship is Magic franchise extends to several Flash, HTML5, iOS, and Android video games and software.
- 1 Ruckus Media Group apps
- 2 Gameloft app
- 3 Egmont apps
- 4 LeapFrog Explorer Learning Game
- 5 Snap 'n Share
- 6 PlayDate Digital apps
- 7 Big Balloon app
- 8 Trefl app
- 9 e-Dantès app
- 10 KIDdesigns app
- 11 Eaglemoss apps
- 12 Hasbro apps
- 13 IDW Publishing app
- 14 Turkuvaz app
- 15 Budge Studios apps
- 16 Red Frog Digital app
- 17 Online games
- 18 Related apps
- 19 Fan games
- 20 Gallery
- 21 References
Ruckus Media Group apps
Ruckus Media Group published several educational My Little Pony apps on the iOS App Store. Following the apparent dissolution of the company in June 2020 (or close to that time), all of their apps have been discontinued and their website is no longer available.
Ruckus Media Group produced seven English-language interactive storybook apps between 2011 and 2016. The apps are loosely based on Friendship is Magic episodes, pairing reused visuals from the show with new narration, and also contain minigames. These storybooks were also available through other Ruckus Media Group apps, except for Twilight Sparkle, Teacher for a Day, which was replaced by an alternate version titled Twilight Sparkle's Special Lesson.
|Twilight Sparkle, Teacher for a Day||The Ticket Master||Sep 20, 2011||Wayback Machine|
|Things That Go Bump in the Night||Owl's Well That Ends Well||Jan 2, 2014||Wayback Machine|
|Rarity Loves Fashion||Suited For Success||Jan 3, 2014||Wayback Machine|
|Apple Family Appreciation Day||Family Appreciation Day||Feb 4, 2015||Wayback Machine|
|Twilight Sparkle In Time||It's About Time||Sep 3, 2015||Wayback Machine|
|Read It and Weep||Read It and Weep||Mar 19, 2016||Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Games||Equestria Games||Nov 3, 2016||Wayback Machine|
My Little Pony eBooks + Comics
My Little Pony eBooks + Comics (formerly My Little Pony: Ruckus Reader and My Little Pony--Interactive Reading) was released for iOS on April 16, 2012. The app contained in-app purchases for Ruckus Media's interactive storybooks, IDW comics, and other My Little Pony digital content.
My Little Pony Read & Play
My Little Pony Read & Play was released for iOS on July 20, 2018. The app provided a subscription service for the digital My Little Pony content sold by Ruckus Media.
- Main article: My Little Pony (mobile game)
My Little Pony is a free-to-play video game for iOS, iPadOS, tvOS and Android mobile devices published by Gameloft and released on November 8, 2012. The gameplay consists of rebuilding Ponyville, along with several minigames and a storyline concerning Nightmare Moon. Features can be unlocked by spending in-game currency or by purchasing them.
Egmont released two interactive storybook apps, both of which have been discontinued.
- My Little Pony: A Canterlot Wedding, based on the episodes A Canterlot Wedding - Part 1 and Part 2, was originally released by Egmont UK in English only as an iPad app on December 18, 2012, and was re-released multiple times by Egmont Kids Media Digital, with dozens of separate region-locked apps for each language edition later being combined into one app for iPhone and iPad available in multiple languages. The app was translated into Bulgarian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovakian, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish and Ukrainian.
- My Little Pony - Cutie Mark Chronicles, based on the episode The Cutie Mark Chronicles, was released by Egmont Kids Media Digital in English only for iPhone and iPad on April 22, 2015, and for Android on May 14, 2015. The app contains a minigame in which the user can create and design their own pony.
LeapFrog Explorer Learning Game
A My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic LeapFrog Explorer Learning Game for LeapPad2, LeapPad1, LeapsterGS and Leapster Explorer systems was released in 2013.
PlayDate Digital apps
PlayDate Digital has produced 11 interactive storybook apps for iOS and Android. On the iOS App Store, the first five are bundled as My Little Pony Bundle, and the first ten are bundled as MY LITTLE PONY Storybook Collection. My Little Pony Party of One originally had separate iPhone and iPad apps. All of the apps except My Little Pony: Power Ponies and My Little Pony: The Movie were unpublished from the Google Play Store in June 2019, but they remain available on the Amazon Appstore for Android.
|Party of One||Party of One||English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish||Andrea Libman as Pinkie Pie||Sep 18, 2013||iOS|
|Hearts and Hooves Day||Hearts and Hooves Day||English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish||Feb 5, 2014||iOS|
|Fluttershy’s Famous Stare||Stare Master||English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish||Brittany Lauda||Apr 22, 2014||iOS|
|Best Pet||May the Best Pet Win!||English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish||Ashleigh Ball as Rainbow Dash and Applejack, Andrea Libman as Fluttershy, Tara Strong as Twilight Sparkle and Tabitha St. Germain as Rarity||Jun 4, 2014||iOS|
|Power Ponies||Power Ponies||English||Kira Buckland, Brittany Lauda and Kimlinh Tran||Jul 17, 2014 (iOS)
May 5, 2015 (Android)
|Trick or Treat||Luna Eclipsed||English||Oct 15, 2014||iOS|
|Twilight’s Kingdom||Twilight's Kingdom - Part 1 and Part 2||English||John de Lancie as Discord||Dec 18, 2014||iOS|
|Cutie Pox||The Cutie Pox||English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish||Jan 29, 2015||iOS|
|Pinkie Pie's Sister||Maud Pie||English, French, Italian, Russian, Simplified Chinese, Spanish||April 2, 2015||iOS|
|Rarity Takes Manehattan||Rarity Takes Manehattan||English||Aug 27, 2015||iOS|
|My Little Pony: The Movie||My Little Pony The Movie||English||Sep 12, 2017 (Android)
Sep 27, 2017 (iOS)
My Little Pony: Story Creator
My Little Pony: Story Creator (originally My Little Pony: Lights, Camera, Ponies!) was released for iOS on September 20, 2016, and for Android on March 1, 2017. The app allows the user to create their own interactive storybooks using Friendship is Magic and Equestria Girls characters, props, backgrounds and sounds, some of which are available through in-app purchases.
Big Balloon app
My Little Pony is an app published by the Dutch company Uitgeverij Big Balloon B.V. for iOS on November 26, 2013. The app has been discontinued. The app comprises My Little Pony-themed minigames and learning activities, most of which were only available following an in-app purchase.
E-puzzle My Little Pony - aplikacja do kolekcjonerskiej serii puzzli Trefl (My Little Pony e-puzzle - application in the Trefl collectible puzzles series) is an app published by the Polish company Trefl SA for iOS on November 13, 2014. The app contains a coloring book, a connect-the-dots game, and a heart-shaped photo frame featuring Rainbow Dash and Fluttershy. The app is only available in Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine.
My Little Pony – Les Histoires interactives à lire ou à écouter (My Little Pony – interactive stories to read or listen to) is a French-language app published by e-Dantès for iOS on December 3, 2014. It contains in-app purchases for My Little Pony interactive storybooks produced by LudiRidi. While the app has been discontinued, the books themselves remain available on Apple Books.
My Little Pony Diary is an app published by eKids/KIDdesigns for iPadOS on December 16, 2014. The app comprises "a digital diary filled with custom ponies, cool photos and digital stickers". Many of the app's features are only available following an in-app purchase.
Eaglemoss Publications Ltd published two My Little Pony apps for iOS and Android, both of which have been discontinued.
- My Little Pony Magical Mysteries was released for Android on April 13, 2015, and for iOS on April 21, 2015. The app was unpublished from the Google Play Store on April 5, 2017. It was a tie-in augmented reality app for Eaglemoss' book series of the same name, and different books allowed the user to "explore" different parts of Equestria and gradually restore an "Enchanted Horseshoe".
- My Little Pony Colouring Adventures was released for Android on March 28, 2017, and for iOS on April 18, 2017. The app was unpublished from the Google Play Store on August 7, 2018. The app comprised several minigames featuring Friendship is Magic characters. It also featured tie-ins with each issue of the My Little Pony Colouring Adventures magazine.
Hasbro has directly published two My Little Pony games for iOS and Android, and Backflip Studios (which Hasbro had a 70 percent stake in until its 2019 dissolution) also published one My Little Pony game for iOS and Android. Hasbro has also published a now-discontinued sticker pack for iOS.
My Little Pony: Friendship Celebration
My Little Pony Friendship Celebration Cutie Mark Magic was released by Hasbro for Android on May 28, 2015, and for iOS on June 2, 2015. The game primarily comprises virtual tea parties with Friendship is Magic characters and virtual party games with those characters. The player can scan tags on Cutie Mark Magic toys to host parties with the specific characters featured in the toys.
Equestria Girls was released by Hasbro for iOS on June 11, 2015, and for Android on July 16, 2015. The game was unpublished from the Google Play Store on June 25, 2019, but remains available on the iOS App Store. The game is set in Canterlot High School and is loosely based on the events of the first three Equestria Girls films.
In the main game, the player is a student at Canterlot High and interacts with other characters in order to complete "friendship quests", and can purchase clothing and accessories with in-game currency to customize their character. The app also has several minigames, consisting of DJ PON-3, Archery, Motocross, Pinkie Pie Slumber Party and Cosmic Battle. The player can acquire in-game currency through in-app purchases. The player can also scan tags on certain Equestria Girls toys to unlock clothing, accessories or daily rewards, as well as the ability to summon Applejack, Fluttershy, Pinkie Pie, Rainbow Dash, Sunset Shimmer or Twilight Sparkle without in-game currency.
My Little Pony: Puzzle Party
- Main article: My Little Pony: Puzzle Party
My Little Pony: Puzzle Party was released by Backflip Studios for iOS on October 11, 2016, preceded by a soft launch for Android earlier in 2016 that was limited to Australia, New Zealand, Mexico and Spain. The game was discontinued on May 25, 2017, in accordance with the settlement to a copyright infringement lawsuit against Hasbro and Backflip Studios. It is a freemium match-three game, similar to Toy Blast and Candy Crush Saga. It includes music from the series as well as new Mane Six and Spike voiceovers from Tara Strong, Ashleigh Ball, Andrea Libman, Tabitha St. Germain and Cathy Weseluck.
My Little Pony Stickers
IDW Publishing app
My Little Pony Comics was released by IDW Publishing for iOS on June 30, 2015, and for Android on September 8, 2015. Following the unexpected shutdown of the app provider, Makefire, the app's functions were integrated into the new app IDW Digital Comics Experience in May 2021; the iOS app's original functionality was replaced with a form for transferring purchases to the new app on May 21, and the Android app was unpublished from the Google Play Store on May 23. The app allowed users to purchase and read IDW's My Little Pony comics.
My Little Pony İzle (Watch My Little Pony) is a Turkish-language app published by Turkuvaz Radyo TV Haberlesme ve Yayincilik A.S. for iOS on September 28, 2015, and for Android on October 1, 2015. It is a streaming app for the Minika Çocuk Turkish dub of Friendship is Magic, and also contains bonus media such as songs and image galleries.
Budge Studios apps
Budge Studios has published several freemium My Little Pony games for iOS and Android.
My Little Pony: Harmony Quest
My Little Pony: Harmony Quest was released for iOS on June 21, 2016, and for Android on August 30, 2016. It is a 2D platform game in which the Mane Six fight a changeling invasion led by Queen Chrysalis and travel across six regions of Equestria to rescue trapped ponies and recover the Elements of Harmony. Each of the Mane Six has unique abilities which are used when fighting changelings and solving problems. The player can unlock members of the Mane Six and their abilities through in-app purchases.
My Little Pony: Rainbow Runners
My Little Pony: Rainbow Runners was released for iOS on June 2, 2017, and for Android on September 29, 2017. It is an auto runner game in which the Mane Six dodge obstacles to complete levels and restore color to Ponyville following a mishap caused by Discord. Each of the Mane Six has a different Rainbow Power, which when used in a level temporarily grants them a special ability and causes their appearance to change. The player can unlock members of the Mane Six through in-app purchases.
My Little Pony: Pocket Ponies
My Little Pony: Pocket Ponies was released for iOS on July 18, 2018, and for Android on January 22, 2019. It is a block kuzushi-like game in which the player, as one of the Young Six, battles other Friendship is Magic characters using different Pocket Ponies (chibi figurines shaped like various characters) in order to become the champion of a Pocket Pony Championship hosted by the School of Friendship. The game's audio features new voice lines by Tara Strong as Twilight Sparkle.
In each battle, the player uses Pocket Ponies to fire balls at their opponent's enemy figurines (changelings, parasprites and pukwudgies), with the objective of destroying the figurines before any of them reach the end of the conveyor belt. The balls can be fired in different directions to ricochet off walls and objects. Each of the Pocket Ponies has a unique Specialty power that can be used in battles, and the Pocket Ponies can be leveled up through gameplay to increase the number of balls fired per shot. The game's setting, the School of Friendship, is divided into the Hallway, Courtyard, Theater and Forest. Each location in the school has different characters to be fought, leading to a boss fight against one of the "Pocket Pony Masters" (Rainbow Dash, Applejack, Pinkie Pie and Fluttershy respectively). The player can acquire in-game currency through in-app purchases.
My Little Pony: Color By Magic
My Little Pony: Color By Magic was released for iOS on March 23, 2020, and for Android on July 3, 2020. It is a coloring game in which various Friendship is Magic drawings are colored in by the player. As the player completes more drawings and progresses through the game, Twilight Sparkle and Spike gradually restore and decorate an abandoned art museum, the Museum of Friendship. The player can bypass the game's timers through in-app purchases.
Red Frog Digital app
My Little Pony AR Guide was released for iOS on August 24, 2016, and for Android on September 5, 2016. The app was unpublished from the Google Play Store on January 12, 2021, but remains available on the iOS App Store. The app comprises augmented reality visualizations of the Mane Six and Spike, a "dual user mode" in which characters on two different devices can interact with each other, and a character customizer.
Hasbro and the Hub Network's websites, as well as other official websites, have various Friendship is Magic and/or Equestria Girls material, including Flash and HTML5 games. Many games are no longer accessible normally due to the discontinuation of Adobe Flash Player.
Hasbro's official My Little Pony website had a directory of online Friendship is Magic games between 2010 and 2021. Before September 2010, the site had a small number of Generation 3 games, some of which stayed on the site until 2017. In August 2013, Hasbro's Equestria Girls website was introduced, with its own games.
Beginning in 2014, new games used HTML5 instead of Adobe Flash. All of the remaining Flash-based games were removed in February 2017, when the Equestria Girls site was combined into a redesigned My Little Pony site. Between 2017 and 2020, some of the HTML5-based games were removed as well. On July 1, 2021, the list of online games was removed entirely, but the 25 HTML5-based games remain playable on the website.
These games' source files remain on Hasbro's website, but their description pages have been removed. The description pages for My Little Pony Place, Equestria Girls: See Yourself as an Equestria Girl - Rockified and Equestria Girls: V.I.F. were hidden between 2017 and 2019; those for Equestria Girls: Repeat the Beat, Equestria Girls: See Yourself as an Equestria Girl - Rockified, Equestria Girls: Battle of the Bands, Archery, Motocross, Pinkie Pie Slumber Party, Twilight Sparkle's Surprise Dance Party and Fashion Photo Booth were hidden around the end of August 2020; and the rest were hidden on July 1, 2021.
|Restore the Elements of Magic||Jan 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Girls: Repeat the Beat||Apr 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Magical Match Three||May 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Dash||May 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Girls: See Yourself as an Equestria Girl - Rockified||May 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Giddy Up Mix-Up||Jun 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Follow Fluttershy||Jun 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Rarity's Dress Up||Jun 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Pinkie Pie's Party||Jun 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Pony Dance Party||Jul 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Girls: Battle of the Bands||Jul 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Girls: V.I.F.||Jul 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Twilight Celebration||Aug 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Pop PonyMaker||Aug 2014||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Cutie Mark Creator||Mar 2015||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Archery||Jul 2015||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Mini Quizzes||Oct 2015||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Motocross||Jan 2016||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Pinkie Pie Slumber Party||Jan 2016||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|My Little Pony Place||Sep 2016||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Twilight Sparkle's Surprise Dance Party||Sep 2016||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Guardians of Harmony||Sep 2016||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Fashion Photo Booth||Apr 2018||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Friendship Quests||May 2018||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Rainbow Roadtrip||Aug 2019||Hasbro, Wayback Machine|
|Pony Creator||Sep 2017||Wayback Machine|
These games stopped working in most web browsers at the end of 2020. Their description pages were removed from the website in February 2017. The game files are still available on the website but cannot be played.
|Meet the Ponies||Sep 2010||Wayback Machine|
|Personality Quiz||Sep 2010||Wayback Machine|
|Discover the Difference||Apr 2011||Wayback Machine|
|Applejack||May 2011||Wayback Machine|
|Pinkie Pie||May 2011||Wayback Machine|
|Rainbow Dash||May 2011||Wayback Machine|
|Rarity||May 2011||Wayback Machine|
|Bridle Gossip Puzzles||Oct 2011||Wayback Machine|
|Pinkie Pie Puzzles||2011||Wayback Machine|
|Rarity Puzzle||2011||Wayback Machine|
|Rainbow Dash Puzzles||2011||Wayback Machine|
|Fluttershy Puzzles||2011||Wayback Machine|
|Castle Creator||2011||Wayback Machine|
|Applejack Puzzles||2011||Wayback Machine|
|Card Creator||Dec 2011||Wayback Machine|
|Hearts and Hooves Day Puzzles||Feb 2012||Wayback Machine|
|My Little Pony Friendship Express Train™ Puzzle Adventure||2012||Wayback Machine|
|Applejack's Wedding Cake Creator||Jul 2012||Wayback Machine|
|Rarity's Wedding Dress Designer||Jul 2012||Wayback Machine|
|Crystal Match||Jan 2013||Wayback Machine|
|Crystal Empire Seek & Find||Jan 2013||Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Girls: Dance Studio||Aug 2013||Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Girls: See Yourself as an Equestria Girl||Aug 2013||Wayback Machine|
|Equestria Girls: Canterlot High School Dash||Aug 2013||Wayback Machine|
|Memory Match Game||Oct 2013||Wayback Machine|
- Adventure Ponies
- Adventure Ponies 2: Wait! There's More?!
- Adventures in Ponyville
- Castle Creator
- Discover the Differences
- Power Ponies Go
- Racing is Magic
- Rainbow Dash's Rainboom Game
- The Fabulous PonyMaker
- The Fabulous PonyMaker: Trick or Treat
- Twilight Sparkle's Royal Invitation Designer
- Valentine Card Creator
- Stardoll.com used to feature My Little Pony themed characters in 2013.
Racing is Magic
My Little Pony Friendship is Magic: Racing is Magic is an online Flash game available on Hubworld.com. It was first published in early February 2013, initially as a sneak peek only made available after entering the code HUBTV.
- Electronic Arts' iOS and Android game Monopoly Hotels, which was available from 2012 to 2014, included several My Little Pony guest rooms: Sweet Apple Room, belonging to Applejack; Cloudsdale Room, belonging to Rainbow Dash; Sugarcube Corner Room, belonging to Pinkie Pie; Carousel Boutique Room, belonging to Rarity; Golden Oaks Room, belonging to Twilight Sparkle; Cottage Room, belonging to Fluttershy; Dragon Breath Room, belonging to Spike; and an unfinished room belonging to Princess Celestia.
- Farmerama ran a My Little Pony event in 2013 from April 29 to May 7.
- The Android and iOS app Bookful: Kids’ Books & Games published by Inception VR features augmented reality animations for certain Friendship is Magic print storybooks.
- The Android and iOS app DEVAR - Augmented Reality published by Devar Entertainment features augmented reality animations for certain Friendship is Magic coloring books.
- The Mac, iOS, iPadOS and tvOS Apple Arcade exclusive Zen Pinball Party, published by Zen Studios, has a Friendship is Magic-themed pinball table. The game was released on September 3, 2021.
| This section may only cover "notable" material.
General coverage of fan games is available on the Fan Wiki.
Fighting is Magic was a fan-created fighting game, not licensed by Hasbro, that has received various media coverage. However, its development was permanently terminated after Hasbro issued a cease-and-desist order against the developers, stating they were infringing on their trademarks.
Despite this, the development team later started working on a spiritual successor to the game based on original characters, not related to the My Little Pony franchise, created voluntarily by Lauren Faust herself.
An image that was used by Hasbro's My Little Pony Facebook page during August 12-13, 2013 includes a piece of Golden Oak Library background art that was previously used for the game. Enterplay collectible card game High Magic #33 SR card of Sonata Dusk includes in flavor text a mention of Fighting is Magic.
- Explorer™ Game Cartridge: My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic. LeapFrog. Retrieved on 2013 June 28.
- Random Merch: Soup Mug, Advent Calendar, Lunch Box Ornaments, Headphones with Manes and More!. Equestria Daily (2013-11-24). Retrieved on 2013 November 24.
- Wayback Machine
- Sethisto (2017-05-22). My Little Pony: Puzzle Party Case Settled, Game Will Be Removed. Equestria Daily. Retrieved on 2017 May 25.
- Dean Takahashi (2016-10-21). Lawsuit says Hasbro lifted design for My Little Pony mobile game from Peak Games’ Toy Blast. GamesBeat. VentureBeat. Retrieved on 2016 October 22.
- Ross Todd (2016-10-21). Fenwick Sues Hasbro Over My Little Pony App. The Recorder. ALM. Retrieved on 2016 October 22.
- IDW Publishing (2021-04-30). Dear Digital Fans - With the sudden closure of Madefire, our team is taking immediate steps to do right by our dedicated app community. Please visit http://idwpublishing.com/app for more information.. Twitter. Retrieved on 2021 June 9.
- Anthony Ha (2021-04-29). Digital comics startup Madefire is shutting down. TechCrunch. Retrieved on 2021 June 9.
- Wayback Machine (2020-08-18, 2020-09-05)
- Wayback Machine (2017-02-16, 2017-02-27)
- Gregory Schmidt (2013-05-12). A New Direction for a Hasbro Stalwart. NYTimes.com. Retrieved on 2013 November 7.
- Monopoly Hotels Adds Pony Rooms. Equestria Daily (2012-07-19). Retrieved on 2012 July 19.
- MSN Games UK. Retrieved on 2013 May 26.
- Timeline Photos. Facebook (2013-05-03). Retrieved on 2013 May 26.
- MY LITTLE PONY event. Bigpoint.com (2013-04-29). Retrieved on 2013 May 26.
- Timeline Photos. Facebook (2013-04-29). Retrieved on 2013 May 26.
- MY LITTLE PONY : BOOKFUL APP. Hasbro. Retrieved on 2020 June 10.
- Karen Raugust (2019-05-23). Licensing Hotline: May 2019. PWxyz. Retrieved on 2021 July 17.
- My_Little_Pony_Announce_Trailer (2021-08-06). Archived from the original on 2021-08-09. Retrieved on 2021 August 9.
- ZenPinballParty_Screenshots (2021-08-05). Archived from the original on 2021-08-06. Retrieved on 2021 August 9.
- MLP Facebook Filled with Boooooks. Equestria Daily (2013-08-12). Retrieved on 2013 November 4.
- 5+-+Twi-StageIngameI.png. Retrieved on 2013 August 13.